Going Strong Since 1874
On November 7, 1872, University of California President Gilman, in his inaugural address, held out a welcoming hand to all who would establish, adjacent to the University, halls in which the best moral and religious influences could be promoted. He asked:
“What church, what association, what individual will be the first to establish such a hall?”
On February 23, 1873, just three months later, on the 24th anniversary of his arrival in California, the Rev. Dr. Samuel Hopkins Willey responded to President Gilman’s call in a major public address:
“We must go there and build halls and churches and homes, and must make them so attractive that the students cannot stay away from them. The surrounding Christian influences of the state should take the University into its care and heart.”
On August 25, 1873, at a meeting of the Congregational Club of San Francisco, the Rev. Dr. John Knox McLean of First Congregational, Oakland led the discussion on “What is the Duty of Congregationalists in Relation to Berkeley?” Five weeks later, at a meeting of the same club, Professor George Mooar of Pacific Theological Seminary led the discussion on “What Can Be Done—And How Can It Be Done—to Secure the Best Congregational Results from the University?”
On October 1, 1873, a committee of the Congregational Club of San Francisco issued a report entitled “The Congregational Churches and the University of California.” The report stated that the regents and the faculty of the University personally extended a warm welcome to the various denominations. Soon, a committee was appointed “to secure the means to procure land in the vicinity of the University, and to cause to be erected thereon a Church.”
On the last Sunday of June of 1874, the first service was held in the Berkeley Hotel on the corner of Bancroft Way and Telegraph Avenue. Twenty persons attended.
In July, a Sunday School was organized and in early August of 1874, we appointed our first committees (something we have since become very good at) including committees to select a site, to frame a constitution, to organize the church and to solicit money.
On December 1, 1874, The First Congregational Church of Berkeley was born. The Rev. Dr. George Mooar of Pacific Theological Seminary gave the Prayer of Consecration and Recognition and the Rev. Dr. John Knox McLean of First Congregational, Oakland, gave the hand of Fellowship on behalf of the churches.
On March 22, 1875, FCCB worshiped for the first time in its new chapel on the northeast corner of Telegraph Avenue and Dwight Way. Among the subscribers to the first building fund were Anson G. Stiles (after whom Stiles Hall is named) and Professor Joseph LeConte.
On Sunday, June 12, 1882, our historic bell, Berkeley’s First Congregational bell, called the people to our service for the first time from its tower on our church lot.Our congregation grew quickly. Soon, we purchased a lot on the northeast corner of Dana and Durant and there constructed a new and much larger building, Berkeley’s first true “church.”
On the first Sunday in June, 1884, the new building was used for the first time, for a praise service. The architect was Clinton Day, the son of Sherman Day, one of the original trustees of the College of California.
In the evening of Sept. 30, 1884, the new building was dedicated. One of the speakers at the dedication services was President William T. Reid of the University—and a member of the church—on “The College as the Ally of the Church.” Among his notable remarks (slightly edited) were these:
“The church and the college have enough identity of purpose to warrant their meeting on a common platform. The world looks for guidance to enlightened intellect, but its sore need is tenderness of consciences. It needs the clarifying power, but more the vitalizing.
It is a great work to make men wiser, but a greater work to make them better.”
We continued to grow and in 1916 and 1924 purchased land adjacent to the original property purchased in 1884.The Reverend Doctor Oswald W. S. McCall become our Minister in January of 1922 and our membership doubled and doubled again.
At a memorable Sunday service on March 26, 1923, two years prior to the dedication of our present Sanctuary, FCCB’s members and friends placed over $100,000 in cash and pledges on the altar of the old church to build a new church.
On August 30, 1925 we “rejoicingly entered” our new Sanctuary—the one we presently enjoy. At the services held during the dedication period which extended through September 27, 1925, two distinguished academicians spoke: David Starr Jordan, Chancellor of Stanford University, and William Wallace Campbell, President of the University of California.
For seventy-two years our Sanctuary has superbly served its parish and its community—for worship services, concerts, lectures, and as a gem of New England Architecture. Dui vivant (long may you live). As stated in one of the September 1925 dedicatory talks,
“The First Congregational Church of Berkeley was established for the good of the community, for the good of the University, for the good of the World.”
Prepared at the request of the 125th Anniversary Committee by James M. Spitze, March 15, 1997
Historical Odds & Ends
Article from March 25, 2022 Berkeleyside "Black Berkeley Town Father Invented the Lawnmower Grass-Catching Pan in 1889," by Richard Schwartz. Article references Henry Peterson, who co-founded First Church Berkeley in 1874.